Mees, Charles Edward Kenneth

[br]
b. 1882 Wellingborough, England
d. 1960 USA
[br]
Anglo-American photographic scientist and Director of Research at the Kodak Research Laboratory.
[br]
The son of a Wesleyan minister, Mees was interested in chemistry from an early age and studied at St Dunstan's College in Catford, where he met Samuel E.Sheppard, with whom he went on to University College London in 1900. They worked together on a thesis for BSc degrees in 1903, developing the work begun by Hurter and Driffield on photographic sensitometry. This and other research papers were published in 1907 in the book Investigations on the Theory of the Photographic Process, which became a standard reference work. After obtaining a doctorate in 1906, Mees joined the firm of Wratten \& Wainwright (see F.C.L.Wratten), manufacturers of dry plates in Croydon; he started work on 1 April 1906, first tackling the problem of manufacturing colour-sensitive emulsions and enabling the company to market the first fully panchromatic plates from the end of that year.
During the next few years Mees ran the commercial operation of the company as Managing Director and carried out research into new products, including filters for use with the new emulsions. In January 1912 he was visited by George Eastman, the American photographic manufacturer, who asked him to go to Rochester, New York, and set up a photographic research laboratory in the Kodak factory there. Wratten was prepared to release Mees on condition that Eastman bought the company; thus, Wratten and Wainwright became part of Kodak Ltd, and Mees left for America. He supervised the construction of a building in the heart of Kodak Park, and the building was fully equipped not only as a research laboratory, but also with facilities for coating and packing sensitized materials. It also had the most comprehensive library of photographic books in the world. Work at the laboratory started at the beginning of 1913, with a staff of twenty recruited from America and England, including Mees's collaborator of earlier years, Sheppard. Under Mees's direction there flowed from the Kodak research Laboratory a constant stream of discoveries, many of them leading to new products. Among these were the 16 mm amateur film-making system launched in 1923; the first amateur colour-movie system, Kodacolor, in 1928; and 8 mm home movies, in 1932. His support for the young experimenters Mannes and Godowsky, who were working on colour photography, led to their joining the Research Laboratory and to the introduction of the first multi-layer colour film, Kodachrome, in 1935. Eastman had agreed from the beginning that as much of the laboratory's work as possible should be published, and Mees himself wrote prolifically, publishing over 200 articles and ten books. While he made significant contributions to the understanding of the photographic process, particularly through his early research, it is his creation and organization of the Kodak Research Laboratory that is his lasting memorial. His interests were many and varied, including Egyptology, astronomy, marine biology and history. He was a Fellow of the Royal Society.
[br]
Principal Honours and Distinctions
FRS.
Bibliography
1961, From Dry Plates to Ektachrome Film, New York (partly autobiographical).
BC

Biographical history of technology. - Taylor & Francis e-Librar. . 2005.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Kenneth Mees — Charles Edward Kenneth Mees FRS[1] (May 26, 1882–August 15, 1960) was a British American physicist and photographic researcher. He was born in Wellingborough, England, the son of a Wesleyan minister, and attended the University of London. In 1906 …   Wikipedia

  • Charles E. Mees — Charles Edward Kenneth Mees (* 26. Mai 1882 in Wellingborough, England; † 15. August 1960 in Honolulu, Hawaii) war ein britisch amerikanischer Physiker und Photograph. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Bibliographie 2 Auszeichnungen und Namensgebungen …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Photography, film and optics — See also: INDEX BY SUBJECT AREA [br] Abney, William de Wiveleslie Acres, Birt Anschütz, Ottomar Archer, Frederick Scott Baekeland, Leo Hendrik Barnack, Oskar Bayard, Hippolyte …   Biographical history of technology

  • Liste Des Cratères De La Lune, L-N — Voici une partie de la liste des cratères de la Lune. Quand un cratère possède des cratères satellites, ceux ci sont décrits dans l article du cratère principal. Listes : A B C D E F G H I J K… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Liste des cratères de la Lune, L-N — Voici une partie de la liste des cratères de la Lune. Quand un cratère possède des cratères satellites, ceux ci sont décrits dans l article du cratère principal. Listes : A B C D E F G H I J K… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Franklin Medal — Médaille Franklin La Médaille Franklin est une distinction scientifique décernée par l Institut Franklin en l honneur de Benjamin Franklin. Elle récompense des personnes dont les travaux sont utiles à l humanité, ont fait progresser la science,… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Medaille Franklin — Médaille Franklin La Médaille Franklin est une distinction scientifique décernée par l Institut Franklin en l honneur de Benjamin Franklin. Elle récompense des personnes dont les travaux sont utiles à l humanité, ont fait progresser la science,… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Médaille Franklin — La médaille Franklin est une distinction scientifique décernée par l Institut Franklin en l honneur de Benjamin Franklin. Elle récompense des personnes dont les travaux sont utiles à l humanité, ont fait progresser la science, ont ouvert de… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Список лунных кратеров, М — Список лунных кратеров А Б В Г Д Е Ж З И Й К Л М Н О П Р С  …   Википедия

  • Optics — For the book by Sir Isaac Newton, see Opticks. Optical redirects here. For the musical artist, see Optical (artist). Optics includes study of dispersion of light. Optics is the branch of …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.